来源:新华网日本频道 发布时间:2013-9-26 11:04:14
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汤森路透发布2013年诺贝尔奖预测名单
 
据日本通网站消息,汤森路透(Thomson Reuters)9月25日公布预测今年诺贝尔奖呼声较高的28名候选人名单,其中有3位是日本学者。
 
在医学·生理学诺贝尔奖候选人方面,因在有关细胞“自噬作用”的研究中取得重要成果,东京工业大学特聘教授大隅良典和东京大学大学院教授水岛昇在列。物理学奖方面,利用铁研制出超导物质的东京工业大学教授、元素战略研究中心主任细野秀雄入选。
 
汤森路透每年都会根据论文被引用次数等进行分析,列出最有影响力的诺贝尔奖候选者名单,包括医学·生理学、物理学、化学、经济学等4个领域。今年的诺贝尔奖各奖项,将于10月7日起陆续公布。
 
附:The 2013 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates by Nobel Prize category are:
 
CHEMISTRY
 
A. Paul Alivisatos
 
Samsung Distinguished Professor of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering, and Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
 
University of California, Berkeley
 
Berkeley, CA, USA
 
-and-
 
Chad A. Mirkin
 
George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry
 
Northwestern University
 
Evanston, IL, USA
 
-and-
 
Nadrian C. Seeman
 
Margaret and Herman Sokol Professor of Chemistry
 
New York University
 
New York, NY, USA
 
For contributions to DNA nanotechnology
 
Bruce N. Ames
 
Senior Scientist and Professor Emeritus, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
 
Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA and University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
 
For the invention of the Ames test of mutagenicity
 
M.G. Finn
 
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
 
Georgia Institute of Technology
 
Atlanta, GA, USA
 
-and-
 
Valery V. Fokin
 
Associate Professor of Chemistry
 
The Scripps Research Institute
 
La Jolla, CA, USA
 
-and-
 
K. Barry Sharpless
 
W.M. Keck Professor of Chemistry
 
The Scripps Research Institute
 
La Jolla, CA, USA
 
For the development of modular click chemistry
 
PHYSICS
 
François Englert
 
Professor Emeritus and Distinguished Visiting Professor in Residence, Chapman Institute for Quantum Studies
 
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium and Chapman University, Orange, CA, USA
 
-and-
 
Peter W. Higgs
 
Professor Emeritus
 
University of Edinburgh
 
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
 
For their prediction of the Brout-Englert-Higgs boson
 
Hideo Hosono
 
Professor, Materials and Structures Laboratory and Director of
 
Materials Research Center for Element Strategy
 
Tokyo Institute of Technology
 
Yokohama, Japan
 
For his discovery of iron-based superconductors
 
Geoffrey W. Marcy
 
Professor of Astronomy
 
University of California, Berkeley
 
Berkeley, CA, USA
 
-and-
 
Michel Mayor
 
Emeritus Professor
 
University of Geneva
 
Geneva, Switzerland
 
-and-
 
Didier Queloz
 
Professor
 
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
 
For their discoveries of extrasolar planets
 
PHYSIOLOGY or MEDICINE
 
Adrian P. Bird
 
Buchanan Professor of Genetics
 
University of Edinburgh
 
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
 
-and-
 
Howard Cedar
 
Edmond J. Safra Distinguished Professor Emeritus
 
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
 
Jerusalem, Israel
 
-and-
 
Aharon Razin
 
Professor of Biochemistry Emeritus
 
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
 
Jerusalem, Israel
 
For their fundamental discoveries concerning DNA methylation and gene expression
 
Daniel J. Klionsky
 
Alexander G. Ruthven Professor of Life Sciences
 
University of Michigan
 
Ann Arbor, MI, USA
 
-and-
 
Noboru Mizushima
 
Professor, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
 
Graduate School and Faculty of Medicine
 
University of Tokyo
 
Tokyo Japan
 
-and-
 
Yoshinori Ohsumi
 
Professor, Frontier Research Center
 
Tokyo Institute of Technology
 
Yokohama, Japan
 
For elucidating the molecular mechanisms and physiological function of autophagy
 
Dennis J. Slamon
 
Professor, Chief, and Executive Vice Chair for Research
 
Department of Medicine, Hematology/Oncology and Director of Revlon/UCLA Women’s Cancer Research Program
 
University of California Los Angeles
 
Los Angeles, CA, USA
 
For his pioneering research identifying the HER-2/neu oncogene, leading to more effective cancer therapy
 
ECONOMICS
 
Joshua D. Angrist
 
Ford Professor of Economics
 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
 
Cambridge, MA, USA
 
-and-
 
David E. Card
 
Class of 1950 Professor of Economics
 
University of California, Berkeley
 
Berkeley, CA, USA
 
-and-
 
Alan B. Krueger
 
Bendheim Professor of Economics
 
Princeton University
 
Princeton, NJ, USA
 
For their advancement of empirical microeconomics
 
Sir David F. Hendry
 
Professor of Economics
 
University of Oxford
 
Oxford, England, UK
 
-and-
 
M. Hashem Pesaran
 
John Elliot Distinguished Chair in Economics & Professor of Economics, and Emeritus Professor of Economics & Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
 
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA and University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, UK
 
-and-
 
Peter C.B. Phillips
 
Sterling Professor of Economics and Professor of Statistics
 
Yale University
 
New Haven, CT, USA
 
For their contributions to economic time-series, including modeling, testing and forecasting
 
Sam Peltzman
 
Ralph and Dorothy Keller Distinguished Service Professor of Economics Emeritus
 
University of Chicago Booth School of Business
 
Chicago, IL, USA
 
-and-
 
Richard A. Posner
 
Judge, United States Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, and Senior Lecturer
 
University of Chicago Law School
 
Chicago, IL, USA
 
For extending economic theories of regulation
 
 
 
 
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