来源:国家自然科学基金委 发布时间:2021/6/4 13:55:13
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雒建斌院士:“螺旋桨表界面特性研究进展与科学挑战”

 

螺旋桨表界面特性研究进展与科学挑战

朱漫福 马丽然 雒建斌

清华大学 摩擦学国家重点实验室,北京

雒建斌 清华大学教授,长江学者,中国科学院院士,Friction主编。长期从事纳米摩擦学和纳米制造研究。

朱漫福 清华大学摩擦学国家重点实验室在读博士研究生。研究方向为表界面特性调控和螺旋桨性能优化。

摘 要

螺旋桨是船舶和水下航行体的常用推进装置,通过旋转做功产生推力。螺旋桨性能提升可以减少能源消耗和运行成本、提高乘船舒适性和舰船声隐身性,在民用和军用领域有显著需求。表界面特性是影响螺旋桨性能的关键因素,然而,目前对螺旋桨表界面特性的研究还存在诸多不足。本文立足于螺旋桨的效率和空化空蚀性能,介绍了表面形貌和表面润湿性对螺旋桨性能的影响规律和研究进展,分析了螺旋桨表界面特性研究中存在的关键科学问题,最终对螺旋桨未来发展趋势进行了展望。

关键词:螺旋桨;表面形貌;润湿性;效率;空化



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