作者:潘希 来源:科学网 www.sciencenet.cn 发布时间:2016/1/7 12:57:55
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2015年全球大学科技竞争力排名公布

 

1月6日,四川大学全球大学科技竞争力研究所发布2015年度全球大学科技竞争力排名。

“全球大学科技竞争力排名”(Scientific and Technological Competitiveness Ranking of Global University,简称STCRGU)是专门针对全球高校科技竞争力进行科学评价的排名体系。STCRGU采用四项量化指标进行科技竞争力的分析和排名,这些指标涵盖了科技产出总数、高质量科技成果数量和国际专利数量,保证了评价结果的科学性、客观性、准确性和透明性。

STCRGU(2015)列出了2014年10月至2015年9月期间全球科技竞争力排名前200位的大学,排名全球第一名的是哈佛大学,位列第二名至第十名的大学分别是斯坦福大学、多伦多大学、麻省理工学院、约翰霍普金斯大学、密歇根大学、伦敦大学学院、牛津大学、华盛顿大学、宾夕法尼亚大学。其中,哈佛大学的科技产出总数得分和高质量科技成果数量得分均为最高,麻省理工学院的国际专利数量得分为最高。中国大陆地区共有18所大学上榜,其中位列世界前100名的大学包括清华大学、北京大学、浙江大学、上海交通大学、中国科学院大学、复旦大学、南京大学、中山大学、四川大学。其中,北京大学和清华大学拥有较高的高质量科技成果数量得分和国际专利数量得分,上海交通大学和浙江大学拥有较高的科技产出总数得分。

STCRGU是对目前世界大学排名系统的一个有益补充,它更强调大学的最新科技研究成果产出,为世界高等教育机构科技竞争力的评价提供了新的思路和工具,为广大专家学者、教师、学生、政府、高校管理人员和企业界人士了解大学科技水平和国际竞争力提供信息支撑。开展世界大学科技竞争力评价可以更好地满足政府和大学科技管理需要,通过分析比较排名情况,科学制定大学发展战略,不断提高科技研究质量和创新水平,提升大学核心竞争力,对推动科技创新和社会发展具有重要的引导作用。(潘希)

评价方法

STCRGU选取四项以科技实力为导向的量化指标进行排名计算,包括被科学引文索引(SCI)收录的论文数(占STCRGU排名总分的60%)、发表在《自然》(《Nature》)和《科学》(《Science》)杂志的论文数(占总分的20%)、申请国际专利数量(占总分的10%)以及在最新自然指数(Nature Index)中的WFC分数(占总分的10%)。其中,SCI收录论文数指标反映了科技产出总数,发表在《自然》和《科学》杂志论文数指标以及自然指数WFC分数指标反映了高质量科技成果数量。STCRGU(2015)统计了在2014年10月1日至2015年9月30日期间发表公布的文章和专利。对于每一个指标,若某一大学在某一文章或专利中有署名,则该大学该项指标数值增加1。具有最大数值的大学的得分为100分乘以该指标在总分中的权重系数(即该项最高得分),其它机构的计算方法为其数值与最大数值的百分比乘以该项最高得分。每所大学的总分为四项指标得分的总和。所有大学根据最终的总分进行排名,在排名中具有较高总分的学校则具有较强的科技竞争力。

全球大学科技竞争力排名网址:http://kjjz.scu.edu.cn/


Scientific and Technological Competitiveness
Ranking of Global University 2015

Ranking

University

Total Score

1

Harvard University

93.799

2

Stanford University

45.791

3

University of Toronto

39.548

4

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

37.936

5

Johns Hopkins University

37.756

6

University of Michigan

35.436

7

University College London

34.397

8

University of Oxford

33.889

9

University of Washington

32.340

10

University of Pennsylvania

32.125

11

Columbia University

31.421

12

University of Cambridge

31.232

13

Tsinghua University

29.792

14

The University of Tokyo

29.226

15

University of California, Berkeley

28.990

16

Seoul National University

28.616

17

Imperial College London

27.949

18

University of California, Los Angeles

27.791

19

University of California, San Diego

27.082

20

Yale University

26.468

21

Cornell University

26.334

22

Peking University

25.215

23

University of Copenhagen

24.933

24

Duke University

24.289

25

University of California, San Francisco

23.733

26

Zhejiang University

23.021

27

University of Chicago

22.916

28

University of Sao Paulo

22.706

29

California Institute of Technology

22.163

30

University of Minnesota

22.090

31

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

22.021

32

University of Sydney

21.779

33

University of Pittsburgh

21.743

34

University of Colorado Boulder

21.637

35

University of British Columbia

21.389

36

The University of Texas at Austin

21.185

37

Northwestern University (US)

21.099

38

Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris 6)

20.970

39

Kyoto University

20.834

40

University of Wisconsin-Madison

20.475

41

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich)

20.437

42

The Ohio State University

20.355

43

University of Melbourne

20.182

44

University of Florida

20.140

45

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

19.585

46

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

19.230

47

National University of Singapore

19.198

48

McGill University

18.971

49

The University of Queensland

18.834

50

New York University

18.315

51

University of California, Davis

18.313

52

Mayo Medical School

18.265

53

University of Manchester

17.727

54

Washington University in St Louis

17.664

55

University of Leuven (KU Leuven)

17.550

56

Fudan University

17.159

57

Emory University

17.044

58

King's College London

16.971

59

Heidelberg University

16.958

60

Karolinska Institutet

16.883

61

Osaka University

16.732

62

National Taiwan University

16.717

63

University of Munich (LMU Munich)

16.549

64

Pennsylvania State University

16.504

65

Monash University

16.499

66

University of Southern California

16.297

67

Vanderbilt University

16.260

68

Utrecht University

16.207

69

Humboldt University of Berlin

15.624

70

Tohoku University

15.541

71

Yonsei University

15.438

72

Free University of Berlin

15.234

73

University of Alberta

15.228

74

University of Barcelona

15.181

75

University of Utah

15.128

76

Princeton University

15.003

77

Nanjing University

14.903

78

University of Edinburgh

14.810

79

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

14.768

80

Sun Yat-sen University

14.766

81

University of Maryland, College Park

14.570

82

University of Zurich

14.567

83

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

14.500

84

Aarhus University

14.485

85

Texas A&M University

14.469

86

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

14.399

87

University of Rome

14.393

88

University of Groningen

14.389

89

Ghent University

14.216

90

Tel Aviv University

13.988

91

University of New South Wales

13.973

92

University of Amsterdam

13.858

93

The University of Arizona

13.703

94

Baylor College of Medicine

13.639

95

Sichuan University

13.528

96

Nanyang Technological University

13.286

97

Aix-Marseille University

12.944

98

Boston University

12.830

99

Technical University of Munich

12.735

100

University of Paris-Sud (Paris 11)

12.681

101

University of Bristol

12.612

102

University of Paris Diderot (Paris 7)

12.441

103

Uppsala University

12.422

104

University of Science and Technology of China

12.369

105

Huazhong University of Science and Technology

12.164

106

Jilin University

12.136

107

Shandong University

12.135

108

Leiden University

12.092

109

University of Montreal

12.091

110

Sungkyunkwan University

12.086

111

VU University Amsterdam

12.064

112

University of Helsinki

11.981

113

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne

11.772

114

Radboud University Nijmegen

11.733

115

University of California, Irvine

11.644

116

University of Oslo

11.619

117

Lund University

11.592

118

Nagoya University

11.537

119

University of Milan

11.527

120

University of Southampton

11.474

121

University of Western Australia

11.455

122

Xi'an Jiaotong University

11.136

123

University of Padua

11.103

124

Michigan State University

11.092

125

University of Geneva

11.073

126

Korea University

11.039

127

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

10.976

128

Case Western Reserve University

10.975

129

University of Hamburg

10.950

130

Kyushu University

10.864

131

Erasmus University Rotterdam

10.856

132

Purdue University

10.824

133

Arizona State University

10.563

134

University of Bern

10.521

135

The University of Virginia

10.445

136

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

10.437

137

University of Bonn

10.310

138

Hokkaido University

10.280

139

University of Tubingen

10.259

140

University of Basel

10.169

141

The University of Hong Kong

10.165

142

Wuhan University

10.152

143

University of Glasgow

10.135

144

University of Bologna

10.063

145

Georgia Institute of Technology

10.054

146

McMaster University

10.044

147

Central South University

10.001

148

University of Rochester

9.992

149

University of Birmingham

9.920

150

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

9.916

151

University of Ottawa

9.907

152

University of Nottingham

9.875

153

Harbin Institute of Technology

9.803

154

Australian National University

9.780

155

University of Gottingen

9.727

156

University of South Florida

9.637

157

University of Calgary

9.549

158

University of Freiburg

9.534

159

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

9.443

160

King Abdulaziz University

9.436

161

University of Leeds

9.373

162

King Saud University

9.333

163

University of Sheffield

9.301

164

Brown University

9.267

165

University of Liverpool

9.228

166

Lomonosov Moscow State University

9.188

167

Tongji University

9.184

168

Paris Descartes University (Paris 5)

9.083

169

Joseph Fourier University

9.044

170

University of Maryland, Baltimore

8.999

171

Dresden University of Technology

8.986

172

Autonomous University of Barcelona

8.871

173

Soochow University

8.848

174

University of Iowa

8.817

175

National Autonomous University of Mexico

8.801

176

University of California, Santa Barbara

8.769

177

University of Lisbon

8.757

178

Tokyo Institute of Technology

8.730

179

University of Georgia

8.672

180

Charles University in Prague

8.520

181

Newcastle University

8.506

182

North Carolina State University

8.496

183

University of Cologne

8.491

184

University of Munster

8.405

185

RWTH Aachen University

8.355

186

University of Adelaide

8.343

187

University of Illinois, Chicago

8.332

188

University of Western Ontario

8.240

189

University of Alabama at Birmingham

8.023

190

University of Miami

7.998

191

Yeshiva University

7.992

192

Indiana University Bloomington

7.944

193

Hanyang University

7.932

194

University of Wurzburg

7.896

195

Technical University of Denmark

7.807

196

Chinese University of Hong Kong

7.736

197

University of Turin

7.673

198

Stony Brook University

7.671

199

Claude Bernard University Lyon 1

7.653

200

National Cheng Kung University

7.457

 

 
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